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A few miles north of the town of Fumane (Verona), on the old road to Molina in the Val dei Progni, in the 1960s archaeologist G. Solinas discovered what is now called Riparo Solinas (Solinas rock shelter) or simply Grotta di Fumane (Fumane cave), one of the most highly regarded monuments of ancient prehistory. This site is extremely important for understanding the significant biological and cultural change in human evolution which occurred around 40,000 years ago. Grotta di Fumane is one of the major prehistoric archaeological sites in Europe. The rich evidence preserved in the deposits filling the cave has been studied since 1988 by the Regional Authority (Soprintendenza del Veneto) for Archaeological Heritage, by the University of Ferrara, the University of Milan and the Natural History Museum of Verona and is an exceptional document of the lifestyles of both Neanderthal man and early Modern humans.
This site is essential for studying the way of life, the economy, technology and spirituality of the ancient humans that frequented the Valpolicella area for over 50,000 years, and also for our understanding of the mechanisms that led, around 40,000 years ago, to the affirmation of Modern Man in Europe. Since 2005 the cave has been accessible to visitors of the Lessinia Park. The traces of Palaeolithic living spaces revealed throughout the stratigraphic sections are an evocative journey through the past.